Monday, April 28, 2008

Mass Delusion/Dopes Helps Sustain Criminal Pharmacratic Inquisition

From a letter in the April 27 edition of The New York Times regarding the U.S.'s high imprisonment rates:


Our assault on drug dealers in this nation is a healthy thing. Ask parents who have lost their child to the insidiousness of the ills created by drugs. The heart and soul of the United States often appears to have a large and growing darker side, as mass murders and child molestation cases increase.

To secure the fruits of a civil society, perhaps it is a good thing that incarceration rates and detention periods have recently increased in the United States.

Bob Jack
North Las Vegas, April 23, 2008

Mr. Jack should try substituting the word "food" for "drug/s" to see his position's absurdity.

He makes no distinction between types of drugs, such as Marjuanna versus alcohol, nor such hyper gylcemic forms of drugs as cocaine hci and heroin versus Coca and Opium.

It is as if there's a belief that government can somehow wave a magic wand by declaring some drugs to be "bad" and thus illegal, even as they completely ignore pharmakenitics- e.g. things as crack cocaine which hit the brain extra hard to promote socially undesirable behavior, versus Coca products which serve the same basic role as Coffee.

It seems injust that people who are such dopes to swallow such mythology can't be assessed a special tax to pay towards the restitution for the people who have been kidnapped (arrested) and extorted (prosecuted) for violating these immoral and unconstitutional laws.

Sunday, April 27, 2008

Criminal Apostate North Dakota 1st Kidnapping/Extortion (Arrest/Prosecution) for Violating Newest Idiotic Herbal Prohibition (Salvia Divinorum)

Article from Drug War Chronicles

Salvia Ban kidnapping/extortion victim
Kenneth Rau

Legislative Criminal/Salvia Ban Sponsor
Randel Christmann
Asst. Majority Leader (R)

Legislative Criminal/Salvia Ban Sponsor
Brenda Heller

In what is likely the first arrest for possession of salvia divinorum anywhere in the nation -- and definitely a first in North Dakota -- a Bismarck man now faces years in prison after he bought a few ounces of leaves on eBay. Kenneth Rau, a bottling plant worker with an interest in herbalism, altered states, and religion and spirituality, was arrested by Bismarck police on April 9 when they searched his home looking for his adult son, who was on probation for drug charges.

Police found a marijuana pipe, eight ounces of salvia leaf, a quantity of amanita muscaria mushrooms, and a number of other herbal products. Rau now faces multiple charges, said Burleigh County States Attorney Cynthia Feland.

"He is being charged with possession of salvia with intent to deliver, as well as possession of psilocybin with intent, and possession of marijuana," she said. Although Rau told the Chronicle he thought he would be charged with a school zone violation as well, which would have made his intent offenses Class A felonies punishable by up to 20 years in prison, that is not the case, said Feland. "He is not being charged with a school zone violation," she affirmed.

(The psilocybin charges could go up in smoke. The amanita muscaria mushrooms that he possessed are not controlled substances under federal law and, while hallucinogenic, do not contain psilocybin. The active ingredient in amanita muscaria mushrooms is muscimole.)

Rau was being charged with possession with intent because of the weight of the leaves, she said. "We look at the typical use quantity," she said, "and it is similar to marijuana, with a typical use dose of .25 grams to .5 grams, and he had significantly more than that," she said.

Salvia divinorum, a member of the Mexican mint family, has been used by Mazatec shamans for hundreds of years. Smoking or chewing the leaves, or more commonly, concentrated extracts, can produce intense, albeit short-lived hallucinogenic experiences. While the plant has become notorious through YouTube videos of young people smoking it and behaving strangely, it is also of interest to "psychonauts," or people attempting to explore consciousness through herbal means.

Researchers say that while salvia's effects on consciousness may be disquieting, the plant has not been shown to be toxic to humans, its effects are so potent it is unlikely to be used repeatedly, and its active property, salvinorin A, could assist in the development of medicines for mood disorders.

There are hazards to messing with hallucinogens, one expert was quick to point out. "It's an hallucinogen, and while its hallucinogenic actions are different from those induced by LSD and other hallucinogens, it has the liabilities that hallucinogens do," Bryan Roth, a professor of pharmacology at University of North Carolina's School of Medicine, the man who isolated salvinorin A, told Drug War Chronicle last month. "When people take it, they are disoriented. If you don't know where you are and you're driving a car, that would be a bad experience."

Still, said Roth, while it may make you freak out, it isn't going to kill you. "There is no evidence of any overt toxicity, there are no reports in the medical literature that anyone has died from it. The caveat is that there have been no formal studies done on humans, but the animal data suggests that it doesn't kill animals given massive doses, and that's usually -- but not always -- predictive for human pharmacology."

The DEA considers salvia a drug of interest, but has yet to move to place it under the Controlled Substances Act. A DEA spokesman told the Chronicle recently that the plant is being reviewed to see if it meets the criteria for inclusion on the list of controlled substances.

But driven by little more than the YouTube videos and the story of one Delaware youth whose parents blamed his suicide on salvia, state legislators have not waited for the DEA's measured considerations to act. Since Delaware became the first state to ban salvia, a handful of others, including North Dakota, followed suit. Moves are currently afoot in a number of other states to join the club.

Salvia became illegal in North Dakota on August 1, after a bill sponsored by three Republican lawmakers, state Sens. Dave Oelke and Randel Christmann and state Rep. Brenda Heller sailed through the legislature earlier this year. None of the three legislators responded to Chronicle requests for comment this week.

After Rau was arrested earlier this month, Bismarck police warned that it could be only the beginning in the fight against the member of the mint family. "It sure looks like there could be a market, based on the amount he had, Lt. Bob Hass told reporters. "This is the first we've seen of it." Hass did not return Chronicle calls for comment this week.

While salvia information web sites like Salvia.Net do place a single dose of salvia leaf at between .25 gram and one gram, similar to County Attorney Feland's estimate, intent to deliver still seems a stretch. "I bought eight ounces of leaf on eBay by bidding $32 for it," said Rau. "Now they're charging me with possession with intent. That's silly. Nobody wants leaves. Everyone is buying those 10X and 20X and 30X extracts." [Ed: Not to mention that on eBay one buys what is being offered a sale, not half or a tenth or twentieth of it.]

Rau was also not impressed by the prosecutor's dosage estimates. "This is a clear ploy to exaggerate the number of saleable units," he complained. "These drug warriors have long used this ploy to make dealers out of everyone. Accepting those figures, an ounce of Salvia Divinorum would give 120 doses and make anyone holding an ounce of it a dealer. This is ridiculous since an ounce is clearly the standard saleable unit for leaf. Applying the prosecutor's standard marijuana dosage and saleable quantity would be the amount that would fit in the end of a pinch hitter. This standard would make anyone holding even an eighth ounce of marijuana a dealer."

Rau also scoffed at the notion that anyone is going to be buying fractions of an ounce of salvia leaf. "You can buy an ounce online for as little as $10," he pointed out. "Who is going to split that up into smaller quantities? Hell, you would probably end up spending more on baggies that you did on the leaf," he said.

"This is ridiculous legislative overreaching," said Rau of the new law. "They only based it on those wacky YouTube videos, and even on those, you see people trying to abuse the stuff as much as possible and ham it up, and it still doesn't hurt them. And why jump from selling it in stores to making it a felony," he asked, "don't they do misdemeanors anymore? I didn't even know it was illegal here, and with their first prosecution they go for the max."

The local TV station's web site has inadvertently supported Rau's point. At the time of this writing, an online version of the news report about Rau's arrest was still pulling up salvia ads by Google. Rau emailed the link to Drug War Chronicle, proving that the salvia ads are showing up on computers in North Dakota.

A mild-mannered 46-year-old, Rau's interest in salvia derived from a broader interest in herbalism, religion and spirituality, as well as efforts to deal with his own inner demons. "I read that salvia facilitates lucid dreaming, so I tried chewing some leaves before bed time, and it was interesting because I would see faces and remember names I had long forgotten."

He also tried salvia as a cure for depression. "I have some childhood issues to deal with. They had me on Paxil," he said. "They want you to take their pharmaceuticals, but if you want to take an herbal remedy, they want to throw you in prison. Are they going to save me from myself by throwing me in prison for years?"

Now, Rau is fighting for his freedom, but there aren't many resources in North Dakota, and he doesn't even have a lawyer yet. "The ACLU doesn't even list anyone in the state," he said. "I've emailed the ACLU Drug Law Reform Project, but I haven't heard back from them yet."

Still, he said, his arrest has motivated him. "Maybe this is an opportunity for me to join the fight," he said. "I've never been a drug user, never been arrested. I started experimenting with this stuff because I thought it was legal. I didn't want to get into trouble, but now they're treating me just like some meth dealer."

Drug War Issues Salvia Divinorum
Politics & Advocacy The Drug Debate
The propensity of State legislatures to pass such unconstitutional laws argues against Ron Paul's assertion that drug prohibition laws regarding adults should be left up to such entities.

The legislative criminals that voted for such a ban arguably deserve to sit on the type of helmet worn by the man that North Dakota's Capital is named for, Otto von Bismarck.

Thursday, April 24, 2008

"...Tobacco Control Act" to Restrict Choice, Block Info and Grandfather Existing Adulterated Products

FDA-Approved Cancer Sticks

The difference between preventing smoking and protecting smokers

Last week the House Energy and Commerce Committee overwhelmingly approved legislation that would authorize the Food and Drug Administration to regulate tobacco products. Since the FDA is usually portrayed as a benevolent (if occasionally sleepy) watchdog, you might assume the bill is all about consumer protection. But it's actually aimed at consumer prevention, which is not quite the same thing.

A consumer protection bill that reduced competition, raised prices, restricted choice, blocked information, and made products more hazardous could not really be counted as a success. Yet the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, which has broad support in both houses of Congress, promises to do all these things in an effort to discourage consumption.

The act imposes new regulatory burdens and advertising restrictions that will help industry leader Philip Morris, which supports the bill, maintain its market-share advantage over smaller cigarette manufacturers, which oppose the bill. The compliance costs and reduced competition are likely to raise prices, which counts as an advantage if your goal is "smoking prevention" but a disadvantage if your goal is to buy a pack of cheap smokes.

Likewise, the bill restricts variety, which consumers like but public-health paternalists do not. Under the act, smokers will be allowed to choose any cigarette flavor they like, as long as it's menthol (which happens to be the one flavor Philip Morris uses). Although people above the age of 18 have been known to enjoy the occasional clove cigarette, Camel Crema, or Kool Caribbean Chill, these flavored varieties have been deemed too kid-friendly and therefore inconsistent with the goal of smoking prevention.

While added flavors (except for menthol) are unambiguously evil, toxins and carcinogens may have a positive role to play if they discourage people from smoking by raising the specter of cancer, heart disease, and emphysema. Hence the bill instructs the FDA to approve a "modified risk tobacco product" only if it would "benefit the health of the population as a whole taking into account both users of tobacco products and persons who do not currently use tobacco products."

To make that judgment, the FDA is supposed to consider "the increased or decreased likelihood that persons who do not use tobacco products will start using the tobacco product that is the subject of the application" as well as "the increased or decreased likelihood that existing users of tobacco products who would otherwise stop using such products will switch to the tobacco product that is the subject of the application." In other words, the FDA could decide to keep a demonstrably safer cigarette off the market because it might attract new smokers or dissuade current smokers from quitting.

Worse, an existing product can be deemed a "modified risk tobacco product" subject to FDA approval if its manufacturer indicates on the package, in advertising, or in any other forum that it's less hazardous than cigarettes. If an executive at a smokeless tobacco company mentioned in a TV interview or an op-ed piece that his products were much safer than cigarettes, which is indisputably true, those products could suddenly be considered illegal.

Here the concern is not fraud but accurate information that consumers might "misuse" (by, for example, switching from cigarettes to oral snuff instead of giving up tobacco altogether). As far as this bill's authors are concerned, you can't handle the truth.

The bill not only authorizes the prohibition of safer tobacco products and the censorship of potentially lifesaving information about relative risks; it gives the FDA permission to make cigarettes more dangerous by ordering reductions in nicotine content. Such a mandate, aimed at making cigarettes less attractive to new smokers, would force current smokers to absorb higher levels of toxins and carcinogens to obtain their usual doses of nicotine.

According to its supporters, this bill, backed by the biggest tobacco company, will enable the FDA to protect smokers from Big Tobacco. Who will protect smokers from the FDA?

© Copyright 2008 by Creators Syndicate Inc.

Wednesday, April 9, 2008

Criminal Virginia Bright Leaf Cigarette Conspiracy- More Consumption, More Taxes, More Fires ...

The health danger from typical cigarettes is more likely not from tobacco, but from industrial substances they contain
Just what is this so-called "Big Tobacco"?

The term "so-called" is necessary because, according to hundreds of US patents, cigarettes may contain no tobacco at all but, instead, various kinds of industrial waste cellulose (or blends thereof) made to "simulate" tobacco. On many cigarette packages. The word "tobacco" isn't to be found.
As an informed critic, you can think of typical cigarettes not as "coffin nails" of tobacco, but rather as "Dioxin Dowels," "Pesticide Pegs," or "Radiation Rods." Certainly do not think of them as tobacco. Mother Nature is not the villain here.
Big Tobacco is not just a handful of cigarette manufacturers. It consists of many pesticide, oil and pharmaceutical firms, and more. We are talking about Dow, Shell, Exxon/Mobil, Novartis, Aventis, Bayer, Uniroyal, duPont, Rohm & Haas, and on and on.
The US General Accounting Office (GAO) in 2003 condemned lax government oversight of tobacco pesticide residues in cigarettes, tobacco being the sixth most pesticide-drenched crop in the country. Oddly, this slam on the much-reviled cigarette industry was nowhere to be reported on virtually all anti-smoking sites, and was barely mentioned in the corporate media.
These pesticide firms have not faced any bans on supplying cigarettes with known toxins and known human carcinogens. Industry-serving legislators, however, backed by industry-linked "doctors," prefer to place legal burdens onto the victims, the unwitting, unprotected, insufficiently-warned smokers, and on non-complicit bar/restaurant owners and others in the form of public smoking bans.
This is an evasion of legal liability. That so many business proprietors willingly bear this cross for the cigarette industry is a mystery.
Big Tobacco could also be called Big Chlorine by way of the many chlorine pesticides, chlorine-bleached cigarette paper, and other chlorine-contaminated cigarette constituents. Burning this stuff produces dioxin, a US-acknowledged Known Human Carcinogen, and the worst of the "Dirty Dozen" persistent organic pollutants (POPs) facing a global ban mandated by the Stockholm Convention, a treaty that was signed even by the US. That it is still permitted in cigarette smoke, arguably the worst possible delivery route, is a crime of great enormity. That anti-toxics activists don't question or condemn this is another great mystery.
No corporate or government officials can explain their way out of this one. Unfortunately, tragically, none are asked to try.
In cold deference to the chlorine industry, of Agent Orange and Love Canal fame, there isn't so much as a chlorine/dioxin warning label on a cigarette package. This crime becomes more clear when one notes that many, or most, so-called "smoking related" diseases cannot possibly be caused by any natural plant, even tobacco, but are already well-known effects of dioxin.
Dioxin and the pesticides and bleaches aren't blamed for the health catastrophes. The victims, the smokers, are. Even "healthful" corporate-fighting, leftie/progressives, sadly, join the attacks. In this case, inconsistently, they believe the corporate media.
Big Tobacco is also the paper, logging and pulp industry, not only with its chlorine-bleached paper but also with some types of fake tobacco. Loblolly pine and "carbon-filled paper" are just two cellulose sources for "tobacco substitute material," otherwise known as fake tobacco.
For kicks, you can go to the patents website
then type in the following patent numbers to see examples of tobacco substitute and filler products, and who owns the rights to them:
3964495, 3993082, 6289897, 4195645, 4165752, 3796222, 3977412.
Incidentally, the timber industry is also the source of acetate, the material of beach and highway-littering cigarette filters. God forbid they volunteer to help with, or are required to fund, clean-ups.
Big Tobacco is also Big Agriculture, as many substances on lists of the thousand or so non-tobacco cigarette constituents are farm and food products. None have been tested for this use. Chances of this stuff being pesticide-free are roughly zero.
Big Tobacco is also Big Sugar. The Wall Street Journal itself noted once that a Marlboro can contain a whopping 12.3% sugar. No wonder the kids like them. And there's no list of ingredients to tell you what type of sugar or artificial sweetener is used.
With so much "concern" for the kids, it's of more than passing interest that no "anti-smoking" group has yet to complain about this, to question the safety of smoking these additives, or to demand instant removal of kid-baiting ingredients. Could it be that "anti-smoke" groups are keeping attention away from the real criminal and liability areas.
Big Tobacco includes Big Chocolate. Chocolate and cocoa are common cigarette additives. Coffee is in there too, despite popular condemnation of addiction.
Big Tobacco includes Big Phosphates: the phosphate mining industry, a large presence in Florida, that contributes tobacco fertilizers that are contaminated with uranium tailings (Polonium 210, specifically), thus sending cancer-causing radiation to the furthest corners of an uninformed, unprotected victim's lungs. There's no ban on this even though no-less than former Surgeon General C. Everett Koop once warned that this radiation is the cause of most upper respiratory "smoking related" cancers. (See: for an extensive explanation of radioactive carcinogens in cigarettes.)
The phosphates and citrates industries also supply cigarette makers with burn-accelerating substances to keep the products from self-extinguishing when untended. Despite thousands of so-called "smoking related" home fires and forest fires, injuries and deaths, the burn-accelerants are still permitted. To remove them now would indict the cigarette makers all the more, extend the indictment to the citrates/phosphates industries, and undermine the "wholesome" crusade to dump blame onto the victims.
To remove these fire-starting accelerants would also lower the rate of cigarette consumption, something not exactly wanted by regressive tax-hungry officials.
All of this is more accurately the Cigarette Cartel, or, better yet, the Contaminated Cigarette Cartel.
Above all of these cartel members stands Big Insurance which has already been outed for being a huge multi-million dollar investor in cigarette makers. Likely it invests in most or all of the other members of the cartel. It's easy to see why such insurers prefer to blame the victims for "smoking," rather than the cigarette cartel for their toxic manufacturing crimes.
Since most lawmakers are also economically beholden to part or all of this cartel, they also prefer the "smoking ban" route to one that protects consumers from secret product adulteration. The thought of saving lives and protecting health by removing the known deadly non-tobacco cigarette components isn't tolerated. To do that would return vast fortunes to the public (for health programs and otherwise) and do great (deserved) damage to some of the most health-damaging and environmentally destructive industries on the planet.
Whether or not one likes smoke, smoking, or smokers, and despite whatever natural inherent risks there may be from smoking even the purest tobacco, it remains that this "anti-smoking" crusade is a packaged, "for your protection", seemingly "anti corporate" fraud that covers up the misdeeds of the very industries that are and have been responsible for damaging the health of every person on earth (through contaminated cigarettes and many things otherwise), not to mention effects on wildlife and entire ecosystems.
It is a fraud that has undermined our medical, scientific and legal systems through endemic conflicts-of-interest. It's a fraud, not unlike "Reefer Madness," that aims at taking from the public another "sinful" public-domain plant, and that portends another Prohibition. It's a fraud aimed at keeping many billions, if not trillions, of dollars in compensation, penalties and forfeited profits from the general public and from victims.
The Contaminated Cigarette Cartel now enjoys illegitimate exemption from enormous penalties and liabilities. The seemingly punitive "tobacco settlements" provided barely a slap on their collective wrist, and were, in any case, ultimately paid by price hikes on the victims.
Though advertised as aimed at "protecting workers", the bans on smoking in public establishments are quite something else. The wholesomely-wrapped prohibitions are about enabling the cigarette industry to avoid the maximum penalties and liabilities for, among other things, many decades of harming workers with secretly-added toxic, cancer-causing, addiction-enhancing, and fire-causing non-tobacco cigarette ingredients.

John Jonik

My Preceeding Post Was Previously a 'Felony'

Adulterated Misbranded Cigarettes- the post, not the substance

Washington Diary: Hit list is a burning issue in cigarette war - Andreas Frew reports from the heady heights of Capitol Hill
* 30 April 1994
* From New Scientist Print Edition. Subscribe and get 4 free issues.

It turns out that a decade ago, tobacco companies struck a peculiar deal with Congress. Anti-smoking Congressmen wanted the tobacco companies to list all additives in cigarettes so consumers could see them and assess the risks. Tobacco companies countered that listing the additives would let their competitors know how they achieved their distinctive flavour. Besides, they said, we don't add anything harmful.

In the end, there was a compromise. Tobacco companies would provide their list of ingredients to the Department of Health and Human Services, which would tell Congress if any of the items were dangerous. But the list would be kept in a safe at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and anybody revealing it would be guilty of a felony.

That situation did not change until early this month, when a reporter for National Public Radio obtained the names of 13 items on the list. Far from being benign, several of them were described by Congressman Ron Wyden, a Democrat from Oregon, as 'so toxic you could not dump them in a landfill under the federal environmental laws'.

Adulterated - Misbranded Tobacco Cigarettes

Virginia Bright Leaf Coffin Nails Include Numerous Additives, None Which Appear on The Label

The List of Additives A through Y
The list of 599 additives approved by the US Government for use in the manufacture of cigarettes is something every smoker should see. Submitted by the five major American cigarette companies to the Dept. of Health and Human Services in April of 1994, this list of ingredients had long been kept a secret.

Tobacco companies reporting this information were:
    American Tobacco Company
    Brown and Williamson
    Liggett Group, Inc.
    Philip Morris Inc.
    R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company
While these ingredients are approved as additives for foods, they were not tested by burning them, and it is the burning of many of these substances which changes their properties, often for the worse. Over 4000 chemical compounds are created by burning a cigarette, many of which are toxic and/or carcinogenic. Carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrogen cyanide and ammonia are all present in cigarette smoke. Forty-three known carcinogens are in mainstream smoke, sidestream smoke, or both.

It's chilling to think about not only how smokers poison themselves, but what others are exposed to by breathing in the secondhand smoke. The next time you're missing your old buddy, the cigarette, take a good long look at this list and see them for what they are: a delivery system for toxic chemicals and carcinogens.

Cigarettes offer people only a multitude of smoking-related diseases and ultimately death.

The List
  • Acetanisole
  • Acetic Acid
  • Acetoin
  • Acetophenone
  • 6-Acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
  • 2-Acetyl-3- Ethylpyrazine
  • 2-Acetyl-5-Methylfuran
  • Acetylpyrazine
  • 2-Acetylpyridine
  • 3-Acetylpyridine
  • 2-Acetylthiazole
  • Aconitic Acid
  • dl-Alanine
  • Alfalfa Extract
  • Allspice Extract,Oleoresin, and Oil
  • Allyl Hexanoate
  • Allyl Ionone
  • Almond Bitter Oil
  • Ambergris Tincture
  • Ammonia
  • Ammonium Bicarbonate
  • Ammonium Hydroxide
  • Ammonium Phosphate Dibasic
  • Ammonium Sulfide
  • Amyl Alcohol
  • Amyl Butyrate
  • Amyl Formate
  • Amyl Octanoate
  • alpha-Amylcinnamaldehyde
  • Amyris Oil
  • trans-Anethole
  • Angelica Root Extract, Oil and Seed Oil
  • Anise
  • Anise Star, Extract and Oils
  • Anisyl Acetate
  • Anisyl Alcohol
  • Anisyl Formate
  • Anisyl Phenylacetate
  • Apple Juice Concentrate, Extract, and Skins
  • Apricot Extract and Juice Concentrate
  • 1-Arginine
  • Asafetida Fluid Extract And Oil
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • 1-Asparagine Monohydrate
  • 1-Aspartic Acid
  • Balsam Peru and Oil
  • Basil Oil
  • Bay Leaf, Oil and Sweet Oil
  • Beeswax White
  • Beet Juice Concentrate
  • Benzaldehyde
  • Benzaldehyde Glyceryl Acetal
  • Benzoic Acid, Benzoin
  • Benzoin Resin
  • Benzophenone
  • Benzyl Alcohol
  • Benzyl Benzoate
  • Benzyl Butyrate
  • Benzyl Cinnamate
  • Benzyl Propionate
  • Benzyl Salicylate
  • Bergamot Oil
  • Bisabolene
  • Black Currant Buds Absolute
  • Borneol
  • Bornyl Acetate
  • Buchu Leaf Oil
  • 1,3-Butanediol
  • 2,3-Butanedione
  • 1-Butanol
  • 2-Butanone
  • 4(2-Butenylidene)-3,5,5-Trimethyl-2-Cyclohexen-1-One
  • Butter, Butter Esters, and Butter Oil
  • Butyl Acetate
  • Butyl Butyrate
  • Butyl Butyryl Lactate
  • Butyl Isovalerate
  • Butyl Phenylacetate
  • Butyl Undecylenate
  • 3-Butylidenephthalide
  • Butyric Acid]
  • Cadinene
  • Caffeine
  • Calcium Carbonate
  • Camphene
  • Cananga Oil
  • Capsicum Oleoresin
  • Caramel Color
  • Caraway Oil
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Cardamom Oleoresin, Extract, Seed Oil, and Powder
  • Carob Bean and Extract
  • beta-Carotene
  • Carrot Oil
  • Carvacrol
  • 4-Carvomenthenol
  • 1-Carvone
  • beta-Caryophyllene
  • beta-Caryophyllene Oxide
  • Cascarilla Oil and Bark Extract
  • Cassia Bark Oil
  • Cassie Absolute and Oil
  • Castoreum Extract, Tincture and Absolute
  • Cedar Leaf Oil
  • Cedarwood Oil Terpenes and Virginiana
  • Cedrol
  • Celery Seed Extract, Solid, Oil, And Oleoresin
  • Cellulose Fiber
  • Chamomile Flower Oil And Extract
  • Chicory Extract
  • Chocolate
  • Cinnamaldehyde
  • Cinnamic Acid
  • Cinnamon Leaf Oil, Bark Oil, and Extract
  • Cinnamyl Acetate
  • Cinnamyl Alcohol
  • Cinnamyl Cinnamate
  • Cinnamyl Isovalerate
  • Cinnamyl Propionate
  • Citral
  • Citric Acid
  • Citronella Oil
  • dl-Citronellol
  • Citronellyl Butyrate
  • itronellyl Isobutyrate
  • Civet Absolute
  • Clary Oil
  • Clover Tops, Red Solid Extract
  • Cocoa
  • Cocoa Shells, Extract, Distillate And Powder
  • Coconut Oil
  • Coffee
  • Cognac White and Green Oil
  • Copaiba Oil
  • Coriander Extract and Oil
  • Corn Oil
  • Corn Silk
  • Costus Root Oil
  • Cubeb Oil
  • Cuminaldehyde
  • para-Cymene
  • 1-Cysteine
  • Dandelion Root Solid Extract
  • Davana Oil
  • 2-trans, 4-trans-Decadienal
  • delta-Decalactone
  • gamma-Decalactone
  • Decanal
  • Decanoic Acid
  • 1-Decanol
  • 2-Decenal
  • Dehydromenthofurolactone
  • Diethyl Malonate
  • Diethyl Sebacate
  • 2,3-Diethylpyrazine
  • Dihydro Anethole
  • 5,7-Dihydro-2-Methylthieno(3,4-D) Pyrimidine
  • Dill Seed Oil and Extract
  • meta-Dimethoxybenzene
  • para-Dimethoxybenzene
  • 2,6-Dimethoxyphenol
  • Dimethyl Succinate
  • 3,4-Dimethyl-1,2 Cyclopentanedione
  • 3,5- Dimethyl-1,2-Cyclopentanedione
  • 3,7-Dimethyl-1,3,6-Octatriene
  • 4,5-Dimethyl-3-Hydroxy-2,5-Dihydrofuran-2-One
  • 6,10-Dimethyl-5,9-Undecadien-2-One
  • 3,7-Dimethyl-6-Octenoic Acid
  • 2,4 Dimethylacetophenone
  • alpha,para-Dimethylbenzyl Alcohol
  • alpha,alpha-Dimethylphenethyl Acetate
  • alpha,alpha Dimethylphenethyl Butyrate
  • 2,3-Dimethylpyrazine
  • 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine
  • 2,6-Dimethylpyrazine
  • Dimethyltetrahydrobenzofuranone
  • delta-Dodecalactone
  • gamma-Dodecalactone
  • para-Ethoxybenzaldehyde
  • Ethyl 10-Undecenoate
  • Ethyl 2-Methylbutyrate
  • Ethyl Acetate
  • Ethyl Acetoacetate
  • Ethyl Alcohol
  • Ethyl Benzoate
  • Ethyl Butyrate
  • Ethyl Cinnamate
  • Ethyl Decanoate
  • Ethyl Fenchol
  • Ethyl Furoate
  • Ethyl Heptanoate
  • Ethyl Hexanoate
  • Ethyl Isovalerate
  • Ethyl Lactate
  • Ethyl Laurate
  • Ethyl Levulinate
  • Ethyl Maltol
  • Ethyl Methyl Phenylglycidate
  • Ethyl Myristate
  • Ethyl Nonanoate
  • Ethyl Octadecanoate
  • Ethyl Octanoate
  • Ethyl Oleate
  • Ethyl Palmitate
  • Ethyl Phenylacetate
  • Ethyl Propionate
  • Ethyl Salicylate
  • Ethyl trans-2-Butenoate
  • Ethyl Valerate
  • Ethyl Vanillin
  • 2-Ethyl (or Methyl)-(3,5 and 6)-Methoxypyrazine
  • 2-Ethyl-1-Hexanol, 3-Ethyl -2 -Hydroxy-2-Cyclopenten-1-One
  • 2-Ethyl-3, (5 or 6)-Dimethylpyrazine
  • 5-Ethyl-3-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2(5H)-Furanone
  • 2-Ethyl-3-Methylpyrazine
  • 4-Ethylbenzaldehyde
  • 4-Ethylguaiacol
  • para-Ethylphenol
  • 3-Ethylpyridine
  • Eucalyptol
  • Farnesol
  • D-Fenchone
  • Fennel Sweet Oil
  • Fenugreek, Extract, Resin, and Absolute
  • Fig Juice Concentrate
  • Food Starch Modified
  • Furfuryl Mercaptan
  • 4-(2-Furyl)-3-Buten-2-One
  • Galbanum Oil
  • Genet Absolute
  • Gentian Root Extract
  • Geraniol
  • Geranium Rose Oil
  • Geranyl Acetate
  • Geranyl Butyrate
  • Geranyl Formate
  • Geranyl Isovalerate
  • Geranyl Phenylacetate
  • Ginger Oil and Oleoresin
  • 1-Glutamic Acid
  • 1-Glutamine
  • Glycerol
  • Glycyrrhizin Ammoniated
  • Grape Juice Concentrate
  • Guaiac Wood Oil
  • Guaiacol
  • Guar Gum
  • 2,4-Heptadienal
  • gamma-Heptalactone
  • Heptanoic Acid
  • 2-Heptanone
  • 3-Hepten-2-One
  • 2-Hepten-4-One
  • 4-Heptenal
  • trans -2-Heptenal
  • Heptyl Acetate
  • omega-6-Hexadecenlactone
  • gamma-Hexalactone
  • Hexanal
  • Hexanoic Acid
  • 2-Hexen-1-Ol
  • 3-Hexen-1-Ol
  • cis-3-Hexen-1-Yl Acetate
  • 2-Hexenal
  • 3-Hexenoic Acid
  • trans-2-Hexenoic Acid
  • cis-3-Hexenyl Formate
  • Hexyl 2-Methylbutyrate
  • Hexyl Acetate
  • Hexyl Alcohol
  • Hexyl Phenylacetate
  • 1-Histidine
  • Honey
  • Hops Oil
  • Hydrolyzed Milk Solids
  • Hydrolyzed Plant Proteins
  • 5-Hydroxy-2,4-Decadienoic Acid delta- Lactone
  • 4-Hydroxy-2,5-Dimethyl-3(2H)-Furanone
  • 2-Hydroxy-3,5,5-Trimethyl-2-Cyclohexen-1-One
  • 4-Hydroxy -3-Pentenoic Acid Lactone
  • 2-Hydroxy-4-Methylbenzaldehyde
  • 4-Hydroxybutanoic Acid Lactone
  • Hydroxycitronellal
  • 6-Hydroxydihydrotheaspirane
  • 4-(para-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-Butanone
  • Hyssop Oil
  • Immortelle Absolute and Extract
  • alpha-Ionone
  • beta-Ionone
  • alpha-Irone
  • Isoamyl Acetate
  • Isoamyl Benzoate
  • Isoamyl Butyrate
  • Isoamyl Cinnamate
  • Isoamyl Formate, Isoamyl Hexanoate
  • Isoamyl Isovalerate
  • Isoamyl Octanoate
  • Isoamyl Phenylacetate
  • Isobornyl Acetate
  • Isobutyl Acetate
  • Isobutyl Alcohol
  • Isobutyl Cinnamate
  • Isobutyl Phenylacetate
  • Isobutyl Salicylate
  • 2-Isobutyl-3-Methoxypyrazine
  • alpha-Isobutylphenethyl Alcohol
  • Isobutyraldehyde
  • Isobutyric Acid
  • d,l-Isoleucine
  • alpha-Isomethylionone
  • 2-Isopropylphenol
  • Isovaleric Acid
  • Jasmine Absolute, Concrete and Oil
  • Kola Nut Extract
  • Labdanum Absolute and Oleoresin
  • Lactic Acid
  • Lauric Acid
  • Lauric Aldehyde
  • Lavandin Oil
  • Lavender Oil
  • Lemon Oil and Extract
  • Lemongrass Oil
  • 1-Leucine
  • Levulinic Acid
  • Licorice Root, Fluid, Extract and Powder
  • Lime Oil
  • Linalool
  • Linalool Oxide
  • Linalyl Acetate
  • Linden Flowers
  • Lovage Oil And Extract
  • 1-Lysine]
  • Mace Powder, Extract and Oil
  • Magnesium Carbonate
  • Malic Acid
  • Malt and Malt Extract
  • Maltodextrin
  • Maltol
  • Maltyl Isobutyrate
  • Mandarin Oil
  • Maple Syrup and Concentrate
  • Mate Leaf, Absolute and Oil
  • para-Mentha-8-Thiol-3-One
  • Menthol
  • Menthone
  • Menthyl Acetate
  • dl-Methionine
  • Methoprene
  • 2-Methoxy-4-Methylphenol
  • 2-Methoxy-4-Vinylphenol
  • para-Methoxybenzaldehyde
  • 1-(para-Methoxyphenyl)-1-Penten-3-One
  • 4-(para-Methoxyphenyl)-2-Butanone
  • 1-(para-Methoxyphenyl)-2-Propanone
  • Methoxypyrazine
  • Methyl 2-Furoate
  • Methyl 2-Octynoate
  • Methyl 2-Pyrrolyl Ketone
  • Methyl Anisate
  • Methyl Anthranilate
  • Methyl Benzoate
  • Methyl Cinnamate
  • Methyl Dihydrojasmonate
  • Methyl Ester of Rosin, Partially Hydrogenated
  • Methyl Isovalerate
  • Methyl Linoleate (48%)
  • Methyl Linolenate (52%) Mixture
  • Methyl Naphthyl Ketone
  • Methyl Nicotinate
  • Methyl Phenylacetate
  • Methyl Salicylate
  • Methyl Sulfide
  • 3-Methyl-1-Cyclopentadecanone
  • 4-Methyl-1-Phenyl-2-Pentanone
  • 5-Methyl-2-Phenyl-2-Hexenal
  • 5-Methyl-2-Thiophenecarboxaldehyde
  • 6-Methyl-3,-5-Heptadien-2-One
  • 2-Methyl-3-(para-Isopropylphenyl) Propionaldehyde
  • 5-Methyl-3-Hexen-2-One
  • 1-Methyl-3Methoxy-4-Isopropylbenzene
  • 4-Methyl-3-Pentene-2-One
  • 2-Methyl-4-Phenylbutyraldehyde
  • 6-Methyl-5-Hepten-2-One
  • 4-Methyl-5-Thiazoleethanol
  • 4-Methyl-5-Vinylthiazole
  • Methyl-alpha-Ionone
  • Methyl-trans-2-Butenoic Acid
  • 4-Methylacetophenone
  • para-Methylanisole
  • alpha-Methylbenzyl Acetate
  • alpha-Methylbenzyl Alcohol
  • 2-Methylbutyraldehyde
  • 3-Methylbutyraldehyde
  • 2-Methylbutyric Acid
  • alpha-Methylcinnamaldehyde
  • Methylcyclopentenolone
  • 2-Methylheptanoic Acid
  • 2-Methylhexanoic Acid
  • 3-Methylpentanoic Acid
  • 4-Methylpentanoic Acid
  • 2-Methylpyrazine
  • 5-Methylquinoxaline
  • 2-Methyltetrahydrofuran-3-One
  • (Methylthio)Methylpyrazine (Mixture Of Isomers)
  • 3-Methylthiopropionaldehyde
  • Methyl 3-Methylthiopropionate
  • 2-Methylvaleric Acid
  • Mimosa Absolute and Extract
  • Molasses Extract and Tincture
  • Mountain Maple Solid Extract
  • Mullein Flowers
  • Myristaldehyde
  • Myristic Acid
  • Myrrh Oil
  • beta-Napthyl Ethyl Ether
  • Nerol
  • Neroli Bigarde Oil
  • Nerolidol
  • Nona-2-trans,6-cis-Dienal
  • 2,6-Nonadien-1-Ol
  • gamma-Nonalactone
  • Nonanal
  • Nonanoic Acid
  • Nonanone
  • trans-2-Nonen-1-Ol
  • 2-Nonenal
  • Nonyl Acetate
  • Nutmeg Powder and Oil
  • Oak Chips Extract and Oil
  • Oak Moss Absolute
  • 9,12-Octadecadienoic Acid (48%) And 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic Acid (52%)
  • delta-Octalactone
  • gamma-Octalactone
  • Octanal
  • Octanoic Acid
  • 1-Octanol
  • 2-Octanone
  • 3-Octen-2-One
  • 1-Octen-3-Ol
  • 1-Octen-3-Yl Acetate
  • 2-Octenal
  • Octyl Isobutyrate
  • Oleic Acid
  • Olibanum Oil
  • Opoponax Oil And Gum
  • Orange Blossoms Water, Absolute, and Leaf Absolute
  • Orange Oil and Extract
  • Origanum Oil
  • Orris Concrete Oil and Root Extract
  • Palmarosa Oil
  • Palmitic Acid
  • Parsley Seed Oil
  • Patchouli Oil
  • omega-Pentadecalactone
  • 2,3-Pentanedione
  • 2-Pentanone
  • 4-Pentenoic Acid
  • 2-Pentylpyridine
  • Pepper Oil, Black And White
  • Peppermint Oil
  • Peruvian (Bois De Rose) Oil
  • Petitgrain Absolute, Mandarin Oil and Terpeneless Oil
  • alpha-Phellandrene
  • 2-Phenenthyl Acetate
  • Phenenthyl Alcohol
  • Phenethyl Butyrate
  • Phenethyl Cinnamate
  • Phenethyl Isobutyrate
  • Phenethyl Isovalerate
  • Phenethyl Phenylacetate
  • Phenethyl Salicylate
  • 1-Phenyl-1-Propanol
  • 3-Phenyl-1-Propanol
  • 2-Phenyl-2-Butenal
  • 4-Phenyl-3-Buten-2-Ol
  • 4-Phenyl-3-Buten-2-One
  • Phenylacetaldehyde
  • Phenylacetic Acid
  • 1-Phenylalanine
  • 3-Phenylpropionaldehyde
  • 3-Phenylpropionic Acid
  • 3-Phenylpropyl Acetate
  • 3-Phenylpropyl Cinnamate
  • 2-(3-Phenylpropyl)Tetrahydrofuran
  • Phosphoric Acid
  • Pimenta Leaf Oil
  • Pine Needle Oil, Pine Oil, Scotch
  • Pineapple Juice Concentrate
  • alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene
  • D-Piperitone
  • Piperonal
  • Pipsissewa Leaf Extract
  • Plum Juice
  • Potassium Sorbate
  • 1-Proline
  • Propenylguaethol
  • Propionic Acid
  • Propyl Acetate
  • Propyl para-Hydroxybenzoate
  • Propylene Glycol
  • 3-Propylidenephthalide
  • Prune Juice and Concentrate
  • Pyridine
  • Pyroligneous Acid And Extract
  • Pyrrole
  • Pyruvic Acid
  • Raisin Juice Concentrate
  • Rhodinol
  • Rose Absolute and Oil
  • Rosemary Oil
  • Rum
  • Rum Ether
  • Rye Extract
  • Sage, Sage Oil, and Sage Oleoresin
  • Salicylaldehyde
  • Sandalwood Oil, Yellow
  • Sclareolide
  • Skatole
  • Smoke Flavor
  • Snakeroot Oil
  • Sodium Acetate
  • Sodium Benzoate
  • Sodium Bicarbonate
  • Sodium Carbonate
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Sodium Citrate
  • Sodium Hydroxide
  • Solanone
  • Spearmint Oil
  • Styrax Extract, Gum and Oil
  • Sucrose Octaacetate
  • Sugar Alcohols
  • Sugars
  • Tagetes Oil
  • Tannic Acid
  • Tartaric Acid
  • Tea Leaf and Absolute
  • alpha-Terpineol
  • Terpinolene
  • Terpinyl Acetate
  • 5,6,7,8-Tetrahydroquinoxaline
  • 1,5,5,9-Tetramethyl-13-Oxatricyclo(,9))Tridecane
  • 2,3,4,5, and 3,4,5,6-Tetramethylethyl-Cyclohexanone
  • 2,3,5,6-Tetramethylpyrazine
  • Thiamine Hydrochloride
  • Thiazole
  • 1-Threonine
  • Thyme Oil, White and Red
  • Thymol
  • Tobacco Extracts
  • Tochopherols (mixed)
  • Tolu Balsam Gum and Extract
  • Tolualdehydes
  • para-Tolyl 3-Methylbutyrate
  • para-Tolyl Acetaldehyde
  • para-Tolyl Acetate
  • para-Tolyl Isobutyrate
  • para-Tolyl Phenylacetate
  • Triacetin
  • 2-Tridecanone
  • 2-Tridecenal
  • Triethyl Citrate
  • 3,5,5-Trimethyl -1-Hexanol
  • para,alpha,alpha-Trimethylbenzyl Alcohol
  • 4-(2,6,6-Trimethylcyclohex-1-Enyl)But-2-En-4-One
  • 2,6,6-Trimethylcyclohex-2-Ene-1,4-Dione
  • 2,6,6-Trimethylcyclohexa-1,3-Dienyl Methan
  • 4-(2,6,6-Trimethylcyclohexa-1,3-Dienyl)But-2-En-4-One
  • 2,2,6-Trimethylcyclohexanone
  • 2,3,5-Trimethylpyrazine
  • 1-Tyrosine
  • delta-Undercalactone
  • gamma-Undecalactone
  • Undecanal
  • 2-Undecanone, 1
  • 0-Undecenal
  • Urea
  • Valencene
  • Valeraldehyde
  • Valerian Root Extract, Oil and Powder
  • Valeric Acid
  • gamma-Valerolactone
  • Valine
  • Vanilla Extract And Oleoresin
  • Vanillin
  • Veratraldehyde
  • Vetiver Oil
  • Vinegar
  • Violet Leaf Absolute
  • Walnut Hull Extract
  • Water
  • Wheat Extract And Flour
  • Wild Cherry Bark Extract
  • Wine and Wine Sherry
  • Xanthan Gum
  • 3,4-Xylenol
  • Yeast

Tuesday, April 8, 2008

USDA/FDA Regulatory Mercantilism Free Pass For Adulterated, Misbranded Tobacco

"Tobacco" does not appear in the US Pharmacopoeia, an official government listing of drugs. "The removal of tobacco from the Pharmacopoeia was the price that had to be paid to get the support of tobacco state legislators for the Food and Drug Act of 1906. The elimination of the word tobacco automatically removed the leaf from FDA supervision."--Smoking and Politics: Policymaking and the Federal Bureaucracy Fritschler, A. Lee. 1969, p. 37

"FDA" in that above quote should actually read the Bureau of Chemistry of the United States Department of Agriculture.

Sunday, April 6, 2008

Friday, April 4, 2008

Tobacco Suit Denied by Bush Family/Yale Secret Society Judge John M. Walker,21985,23483226-664,00.html

"...the appeals court decertified the class of plaintiffs, saying a "light" smoker might have "preferred the taste" or chosen light cigarettes as a matter of personal style.

"Individualised proof is needed to overcome the possibility that a member of the purported class purchased Lights for some reason other than the belief that Lights were a healthier alternative," Circuit Judge John Walker Jr. wrote in the 39-page decision.

"We are certainly pleased with the court's ruling and agree with its reasoning," said Martin L. Holton III, general counsel for R.J. Reynolds Tobacco. "Numerous courts across the country have held that claims such as these simply cannot be tried as class actions."


John Mercer Walker, Jr.
(born December 26, 1940), is a Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and a cousin of U.S. Presidents George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush. At the time of his appointment to the court in 1989, he was a United States District Judge in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. He was Chief Judge of the Second Circuit from October 1, 2000, until October 1, 2006, when he assumed senior status.


Walker was born in New York City. He graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy in 1958, and received his B.A. from Yale University in 1962, where he was a member of Wolf's Head Society, and his J.D. from the University of Michigan Law School in 1966.

Walker is married with a daughter and three stepsons, and lives in Madison, Connecticut. He is the son of Dr. John Mercer Walker, Sr. and Elsie Louise Mead. His uncle is George Herbert Walker, Jr., cofounder of the New York Mets. He is a first cousin of U.S. President George H.W. Bush, the two having a grandfather in common, George Herbert Walker. He is also a first cousin, once removed, of U.S. President George W. Bush.


The beginning of an esteemed Yale College (New Haven, Connecticut) tradition of students challenging the society system and then accepting its rewards was the decision of fifteen members of the Yale Class of 1884 to abet the incorporation of The Third Society, later known as Wolf's Head Society (W.H.S.).[1] Incorporated in 1883 as The Third Society by the Phelps Trust Association, W.H.S. is the third oldest senior or secret society at the liberal arts college (allowing for the societies -- Book and Snake, Berzelius and St. Elmo's -- associated with the Sheffield Scientific School, a division of Yale for science and engineering students, 1854 - 1956). Members of the Yale Class of 1884 joined forces with over 300 Yale alumni[2] to counter the dominance of Skull and Bones and Scroll and Key in undergraduate and university affairs.